Hamazasp Ohandjanian – Hamo

Hamazasp Ohandjanian

Hamazasp Ohandjanian – Hamo (Akhalkalak 1873 – Cairo 1947) Elementary schooling locally; sent to Russian school in Tiflis in 1883. Thence to Moscow, to study medicine. Participated in revolutionary activities; sent back to Tiflis as a result. To Lausanne for further medical studies, 1899–1902. Returned to Transcaucasia to practice medicine, mainly in Baku; became a member of the eastern Bureau of Dashnaktsutiun in 1905. Co-ordinated relations with Russian and Georgian revolutionaries during Armeno–Tatar conflict. To Vienna for 4th congress of Dashnaktsutiun, 1907. Caught up in tsarist persecution of Dashnaks; sent to Novocherkask in 1909. Chief defendant at the trial of Dashnaktsutiun, 1912; exiled to Siberia in 1913. Married Rupina, fellow Armenian revolutionary, while in exile. Returned to Transcaucasia in 1915; in Van to give medical assistance in May. Commissar for public welfare in Transcaucasian Commissariat, November 1917; in same month chosen by Dashnaktsutiun to be one of its representatives at Constituent Assembly (Petrograd). Delegated to seek German mediation between Armenia and the Turks, May 1918. To Berlin in June as quasi-ambassador, seeking recognition and protection for Armenia. To Geneva in November. Member of Armenian republic’s delegation at Paris peace conference. To Berne to put Armenian case to Second International, February 1919. To Armenia; appointed foreign minister in Khatisian’s Cabinet, January 1920. Took over premiership after May 1920 Communist uprising; his administration saw fierce conflicts with the Communists. Resigned after the fall of Kars. Jailed after the Sovietisation of Armenia; released by February rebellion. To Persia after the return of the Communists, thence to Egypt. A leading member of the Dashnak Bureau until his death. Opposed Gen. Dro’s activities during the second world war. Known as Mher.

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