Tovmas Nazarbekian – Foma Nazarbekov

Tovmas Nazarbekian

Tovmas Nazarbekian Թովմաս Նազարբեկյան (Foma I. Nazarbekov) (Tiflis 1855 – Tiflis 1931) Born to a wealthy Russianized noble family of Armenian descent in Tiflis. Attended the military academy in Moscow. Participated in the Russo–Turkish war of 1877–8, and in the Russo–Japanese war of 1904–5, in which he was decorated with the Cross and the Sabre […]

Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan – Nzhdeh

Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan - Nzhdeh

Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan – Nzhdeh was an Armenian statesman and military strategist NZHDEH, General GAREGIN (G. Ter-Harutiunian) (Nakhichevan 1886 – Siberia 1957) Joined the Dashnak party in his teens. Enrolled in a military academy in Sofia (Bulgaria) in 1905, at age of 19; graduated in 1907. Returned to Transcaucasia; imprisoned by tsarist authorities; escaped from jail […]

Levon Ter-Petrosyan

Levon Ter-Petrossian

The First President of the Republic of Armenia Levon Ter-Petrosyan born on January 9, 1945, in Aleppo. Immigrated to Armenia in 1946. In 1968, Levon Ter-Petrosyan graduated from the Oriental Studies Department of the Yerevan State University. In 1971, he completed his postgraduate studies at the Leningrad Oriental Studies Institute. In 1972, he completed his […]

Levon Shant

Levon Shant

Levon Shant (L. Seghposian) (Constantinople 1869 – Beirut 1951) Attended Armenian school at Scutari (Uskudar) until 1883, then to the Gevorgian seminary at Echmiadzin until 1891. Returned to Constantinople to teach and write; his first literary work accepted by Hairenik of Constantinople in that year. To Germany in 1892 for seven years to study science, […]

Hovhannes Kajaznuni

Hovhannes Kajaznuni

Hovhannes Kajaznuni (Kachaznuni) (Akhaltsikhe 1868 – ?Yerevan 1938) His family originated from Erzerum. Attended Russian and German universities, studying architecture and mining engineering. Settled in Baku; joined the Dashnak party. Published a work on poets of eastern Armenia (1902). Visited Erzerum after Ottoman constitution (1908). Criticised establishment of volunteer units (1914). After 1917, he was […]

Hamazasp Ohandjanian – Hamo

Hamazasp Ohandjanian

Hamazasp Ohandjanian – Hamo (Akhalkalak 1873 – Cairo 1947) Elementary schooling locally; sent to Russian school in Tiflis in 1883. Thence to Moscow, to study medicine. Participated in revolutionary activities; sent back to Tiflis as a result. To Lausanne for further medical studies, 1899–1902. Returned to Transcaucasia to practice medicine, mainly in Baku; became a […]

Avetis Aharonian

Avetis Aharonian

Avetis Aharonian ( Igdir 1866 – Marseilles 1948 ) Educated at Gevorgian seminary, Echmiadzin. Taught 1886-96, mainly in Igdir. Became active member of Dashnak party. Higher education in Lausanne and Paris, 1898-1901. Returned to Transcaucasia; pursued journalistic and literary labours. Appointed in 1906 to the board of Droshak (‘Flag’), official journal of Dashnaktsutiun. Headmaster of […]

Arshak Djamalian

Arshak Djamalian

Arshak Djamalian (Yelizavetpol (Gandja) 1882 – Paris 1940) Educated locally and at Echmiadzin seminary. Joined Dashnak party. Took part in Armeno–Tatar conflict; jailed for 7 months for being party to assassination of tsarist gendarme. To Germany for further study. Returned to Transcaucasia 1909; became editor of Harach at Tiflis. Member of Dashnak Bureau 1914; organiser […]

Aram Manukian

Aram Manukian

Aram Manukian (Segei Hovhanessian) (Zeiva, nr Ghapan, Zangezur 1879 — Yerevan 1919) Educated Shushi and Yerevan. Leading Dashnaktsakan. To Baku in 1901 to organize the Armeinan workers. In 1903 to Yelizavetpol (Ganja; Gandzak) to set up Armenian self-defence. Travelled on to Kars. To Van in 1904. Taught in Ordu after 1908 Ottoman constitution. Returned to […]

Andranik Ozanian

Andranik Ozanian

Andranik Ozanian – General Andranik (25 February 1865 – 31 August 1927) was an Armenian military commander and leader. Andranik Ozanian was born on 25 February 1865 in Shabin-Karahisar, Sivas Vilayet of Ottoman Empire. Andranik went to the local Musheghian School from 1875 to 1882 and thereafter worked in his father’s carpentry shop. In 1892 Andranik […]

Count Mikhail Loris-Melikov

Count Mikhail Loris-Melikov

Count Mikhail Loris-Melikov – Միքայել Լորիս-Մելիքյան (1824-1888) – Russian-Armenian statesman, General of the Cavalry, and Adjutant General of H. I. M. Retinue. Loris-Melikov is the representative of an old noble family whose ancestors in the 14th century owned the town of Lori and the province of the same name. They belonged to the aristocratic society […]

Ivan (Hovhannes) Baghramyan

Ivan (Hovhannes) Baghramyan

Ivan (Hovhannes) Baghramyan (1897 – 1982), was a Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union of Armenian origin. Hovhannes Baghramyan (Hovhannes Khachaturi Baghramyan) was born in Chartakhlu, Armenia, 1897. Educated in Tiflis. In 1915 he volunteered in Russian army. Fought for Sovietisation of Lori and Georgia (1921). Commander of the First Armenian Cavalry […]